Stillwater News Press

Outdoors

April 12, 2014

Chorus frogs beginning to move to shallows

STILLWATER, Okla. — As warm spring rains begin to fill shallow depressions across Oklahoma, small frogs known as chorus frogs begin to move toward them. Once there, hundreds, or even thousands, of frogs emit a loud raucous series of calls in an effort to attract a mate.

Like other species of amphibians, they gather to take advantage of the brief window when their young can develop in the warm shallow water. Chorus frogs are some of the earliest of the frogs to begin calling, which can often be heard in February and March and are one of the harbingers of spring.

There are five species of chorus frog found in Oklahoma. Most people have heard of the spring peeper, which is a species found in extreme eastern Oklahoma. However, we also have the spotted, Cajun, boreal and Strecker’s chorus frogs in portions of the state.

While these tiny frogs are small in stature, up to a whopping 1.5 inches, they make up for it in voice. Their loud calls fill the dusky skies each warm evening in early spring and can often be heard hundreds of yards away. If you try to steal a glance at them by creeping to their breeding pools, they instantly go silent.

As they usually hide in dense vegetation along wetland borders, getting a good look is difficult.  Once chorus frogs have deposited and fertilized their eggs, the adults will spread back out across the landscape and continue their mostly hidden life.

While we may forget them outside of the breeding season, our actions greatly influence their abundance. Deepening of wetland edges, removal of wetland vegetation and introduction of predatory fish all reduce the number of chorus frogs in an area.

Most damaging is the draining of wetlands. The seasonally flooded pools, known as vernal pools, which harbor chorus frog young, are critical to many amphibian species. They are biological hot spots wherever they occur.

If you have these wetlands on your property, take the time to examine the diverse life they contain. You might be surprised at the species that have lived unnoticed. But each spring, as if to remind us they are there, they sing.

Dwayne Elmore is Oklahoma State University Cooperative Extension wildlife specialist in the department of natural resource ecology and management.

1
Text Only | Photo Reprints
Outdoors
NewsPress e-Edition
NewsPress Specials
AP Video
Raw: 2 Shells Hit Fuel Tank at Gaza Power Plant Raw: Massive Explosions From Airstrikes in Gaza Giant Ketchup Bottle Water Tower Up for Sale Easier Nuclear Construction Promises Fall Short Kerry: Humanitarian Cease-fire Efforts Continue Raw: Corruption Trial Begins for Former Va Gov. The Carbon Trap: US Exports Global Warming UN Security Council Calls for Gaza Cease-fire Traditional African Dishes Teach Healthy Eating 13 Struck by Lightning on Calif. Beach Baseball Hall of Famers Inducted Israel, Hamas Trade Fire Despite Truce in Gaza Italy's Nibali Set to Win First Tour De France Raw: Shipwrecked Concordia Completes Last Voyage Raw: Sea Turtle Hatchlings Emerge From Nest Raw: Massive Dust Storm Covers Phoenix 12-hour Cease-fire in Gaza Fighting Begins Raw: Bolivian Dancers Attempt to Break Record Raw: Israel, Palestine Supporters Rally in US Raw: Air Algerie Flight 5017 Wreckage
Stocks
Helium debate
Helium
NDN Video
'Hunger Games: Mockingjay Part 1' Sneak Peek GMA: Dog passes out from excitment to see owner Chapter Two: Designing for Naomi Watts Baseball Hall of Famers Inducted Florida Keys Webcam Captures Turtles Hatching Morgan Freeman Sucks Down Helium on 'Tonight Show' Robin Wright Can Dance! (WATCH) She's Back! See Paris Hilton's New Carl's Jr. Ad Big Weekend For Atlanta Braves In Cooperstown - @TheBuzzeronFox Chapter Two: Becoming a first-time director What's Got Jack Black Freaking Out at Comic-Con? Doctors Remove 232 Teeth From Teen's Mouth Bradley Cooper Explains His Voice in 'Guardians of the Galaxy' Deja vu: Another NYPD officer choke-holding a suspect 'Fifty Shades of Grey': Watch the Super Sexy First Trailer Now! Reports: Ravens RB Ray Rice Suspended For 1st 2 Games Of The Season Air Algerie plane with 119 on board missing over Mali Diamond Stone, Malik Newman, Josh Jackson and others showcase talent Free Arturo - The World's Saddest Polar Bear A Look Back at Batman On Film Through The Years